A Change of Guard

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Sunday, 5 July 2015

Romans vs Khmers: They came, they saw, they traded... or did they?

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School of Vice: There's just one small problem: if this ancient historical site of Oc Eo was the birthplace of Khmer [Cambodian] civilisation, or one of its earliest pillars, and the place locates within the annexed territory of Kampuchea Krom [Southern Cambodia], does this mean that Vietnam is now unwittingly contradicting its long-held claim that the earliest inhabitants of the region had belonged not to the Khmer ethno-linguistic group [or any other], but to Sino-Vietnamese ancestry; a claim that has aroused much angry reaction from Cambodian and Khmer Krom community of late?

Of course, knowing the Vietnamese, they'll find a way to wriggle out of this one too ...  

No one disputes that Oc Eo is a site of great archaelogical value. Vietnam this week named it a "national relic". But was it also the place where ancient Romans and Khmers met?

In 2nd century AD Egypt, the legendary Greco-Roman scientist Claudius Ptolemy put the extent of the known world onto paper. From his home in Alexandria, he gathered reports from sailors who had made perilous journeys to India and possibly beyond. Though details were sparse, a voyager named Alexander described a distant port called Kattigara on the Sinus Magna (Great Gulf) to the east of the Golden Chersonese peninsula – widely considered to be mainland Malaysia.
Halfway across the world around the same time, the bustling seaport Oc Eo was part of the flourishing Funan Kingdom, the earliest known pre-Angkorian civilisation and origin of the earliest Khmer-language inscriptions.
Located in modern Vietnam’s An Giang province near the Cambodian border, Oc Eo was on Monday declared a “national relic” by the Vietnamese government. Vuong Binh Thanh, chairman of the People’s Committee of An Giang, reportedly told onlookers that it was essential to preserve the 450-hectare site for the sake of tourism and academia alike.
Excavation at Oc Eo suggests it was major centre for international maritime trade. Unearthed jewellery, pottery statues, coins and gold pieces – including depictions of Hindu deities and Sanskrit inscriptions – indicate busy trade with the Indian subcontinent.
Content image - Phnom Penh Post
A 15th Century map of Southeast Asia from Ptolemy’s writings. WIKICOMMONS
Most curious, however, are the 2nd century AD Roman coins, found by French archaeologist Louis Malleret, who is credited with discovering the archaeological site in 1942.
While certainly one of Vietnam’s most important archaeological sites, could Oc Eo actually be Ptolemy’s Kattigara? And is it possible that Roman mariners could have travelled there and encountered Cambodia’s ancient ancestors?

Saturday, 4 July 2015


ការបង្ហាញ​ផែន​ទីស បោះពុម្ព​នៅ​វៀត​ណាមក្រោម​សន្ធិ​សញ្ញាឆ្នាំ​២០០៥

School of Vice: Why must Cambodia insist on using maps printed in Vietnam and have this requirement included in the 2005 Treaty?

NB: Uncle Hong's spoken Khmer is even worse than School of Vice's! I can never make head or tail of his speech ... Is this a reflection of old age OR deliberate salesman's gibberish to confound the press and watching public?! And as if this is not curious enough, the man frequently asks that we all stop raising border issues again! No wonder the country has shrunk to its current size then...

The real extremists and aggressors at the border ...

Vietnamese villagers hold sticks during a confrontation with Cambodian activists in Svay Rieng province’s Kampong Ro district, June 29, 2015. Credit: RFA

Note the large nails embedded at the top end of the stick above.

"Peaceful" Vietnamese "villagers" out in force defending their farms on Cambodian soil [School of Vice
Vietnamese citizens with makeshift batons line up along the Cambodia-Vietnam border on Sunday in Svay Rieng province before clashing with Cambodian activists. PHOTO SUPPLIED-ppp

Cambodian "extremists" [according to Hanoi] - CNRP lawmaker Riel Khemarin is helped by fellow activists following a clash with Vietnamese villagers in Svay Rieng province’s Kampong Ro district, June 29, 2015 - RFA.

Sam Rainsy to show maps of Cambodian border with Vietnam he brought from France លោកសម រង្សី បង្ហាញផែនទី ដែលបានទិញពីប្រទេសបារំាង

២៧ មិថុនា ២០១៥ / 27 June 2015 – Historical and legal maps to settle border disputes (see English text further) មន្ត្រីគណបក្សសង្រេ្គាះជាតិ ដែលទើបតែបានបំពេញបេសកកម្មទៅប្រទេសបារាំង បាននាំមកវិញថ្ងៃនេះ នូវផែនទីជាប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ចំនួន ២៦ ផ្ទាំង ខ្នាត ១/១០០.០០០ ដែលអាជ្ញាធរអាណានិគមនិយម​បារាំង បានគូសវាសបែងចែកទឹកដី រវាងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា និងប្រទេសវៀត​ណាម ក្នុងចន្លោះឆ្នាំពី ១៩៣៣ ដល់ ១៩៥៣។ ផែនទីទាំងនេះ ដែលតម្កល់​ទុកនៅវិទ្យាស្ថានជាតិភូមិសាស្ត្រ (Institut Géographique National ហៅកាត់ IGN) នៃប្រទេសបារាំង មានសារៈសំខាន់ណាស់ ពីព្រោះជាមូលដ្ឋាន​នៃការ​បោះបង្គោល ក្នុងពេលថ្មីៗនេះ តាមដងព្រំប្រទល់ដែនរវាង​ប្រទេស​ទាំងពីរ ដែលមានប្រវែង ១២២៨ គីឡូម៉ែត្រ។ ផែនទីទាំងនេះ គួបផ្សំជាមួយនឹង​បច្ចេកវិទ្យាទំនើប Global Positioning System ហៅកាត់ GPS ដែលធ្វើការវាស់​វែងយ៉ាងលម្អិតបំផុត​តាមផ្កាយរណប គឺជាឧបករណ៍ដ៏ស័ក្តិសិទ្ធិ ដើម្បីការពារបូរណភាពទឹកដី នៃប្រទេសកម្ពុជា។ រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញនៃប្រទេសកម្ពុជា មាត្រា២ បានបញ្ជាក់ថា “បូរណភាពទឹកដីរបស់ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា មិនអាចរំលោភបានដាច់ខាត ក្នុងព្រំដែនរបស់ខ្លួន ដែលមានកំណត់ក្នុងផែនទីខ្នាត ១/១០០.០០០ ធ្វើនៅចន្លោះឆ្នាំ ១៩៣៣-១៩៥៣ ហើយដែលត្រូវបានទទួលស្គាល់ជាអន្តរជាតិ នៅចន្លោះឆ្នាំ ១៩៦៣-១៩៦៩”។

Map used by the Cambodian government was drawn and printed by Vietnam, which is in contravention of the Cambodian constitution រឿង​ទឹកដី​ ៖​ យួន​ជួយ​ខ្មែរ​បោះពុម្ព​ផែនទី​ខុស​ខ្នាត​ដែល​មាន​ចែង​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ​


Posted by  on July 3, 2015

​បញ្ហា​ចម្រូងចម្រាស​បូរណភាព​ទឹកដី​ព្រំដែន​គោក​រវាង​កម្ពុជា​និង​វៀតណាម​ ដែល​ដំណើរការ​ខណ្ឌសីមា​ និង​បោះបង្គោល​តាម​សន្ធិសញ្ញា​បំពេញបន្ថែម​រវាង​ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា​ និង​សាធារណរដ្ឋ​សង្គមនិយម​វៀតណាម​ ទៅ​លើ​សន្ធិសញ្ញា​កំណត់ព្រំដែន​រដ្ឋ​ឆ្នាំ​១៩៨៥​ ចុះហត្ថលេខា​នៅ​ទីក្រុង​ហាណូយ​ ប្រទេស​វៀតណាម​ ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១០​ ខែតុលា​ ឆ្នាំ​២០០៥​ ដោយ​សម្តេច​អគ្គមហាសេនាបតី​តេ​ជោ​ បណ្ឌិត​សភាចា​រ្យ​ ហ៊ុន​ សែន​ ហៅ​បុរស​ខ្លាំង​ ក្នុង​នាម​រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាល​នៃ​ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា​ និង​លោក​ ផា​ន​ វ៉ា​ន់ខា​យ​ (Phan​ Van​ Khai​ )​ ក្នុង​នាម​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​នៃ​សាធារណរដ្ឋ​សង្គមនិយម​វៀតណាម​ ដែល​បាន​ក្លាយជា​ច្បាប់​អនុម័ត​យល់ព្រម​ទាំង​តក់ក្រហល់​ និង​ប្រកាស​ឲ្យ​ប្រើ​ដោយ​ព្រះរាជក្រម​លេខ​ន​ស​/​រកម​/១១០៥/០៣៩​ ចុះ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៣០​ ខែវិច្ឆិកា​ ឆ្នាំ​២០០៥​នោះ​ បាន​"​ឡើងក​ម្តៅ​"​ជា​បណ្តើរៗ​ហើយ​ រហូត​ដល់​មាន​ផ្ទុះ​អំពើ​ហិង្សា​កើតឡើង​នៅ​តាម​តំបន់​ព្រំដែន​រវាង​ប្រទេស​ទាំង​ពីរ​ថែម​ទៀត​ ខណៈ​ការ​អះអាង​អំពី​ការ​ប្រើប្រាស់​ផែនទី​ខុស​គ្នា​ដើម្បី​ខណ្ឌសីមា​ និង​បោះបង្គោល​ព្រំដែន​គោក​ ព្រមទាំង​ផែនទី​ព្រំដែន​គោក​បោះពុម្ព​ដោយ​យួន​ ក៏​ក្លាយជា​ចំណុច​ចាប់អារម្មណ៍​ខ្លាំង​ផង​ដែរ​ ។​
​មាត្រា​២​នៃ​រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ​ដែល​ជា​ច្បាប់​កំពូល​នៃ​ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា​ និយាយ​អំពី​អធិបតេយ្យ​ បាន​ចែង​ថា​ "​បូរណភាព​ទឹកដី​របស់​ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា​មិន​អាច​រំលោភ​បាន​ដាច់ខាត​ក្នុង​ព្រំដែន​របស់​ខ្លួន​ ដែល​មាន​កំណត់​ក្នុង​ផែនទី​ខ្នាត​១/១០០.០០០​ ធ្វើ​នៅ​ចន្លោះ​ឆ្នាំ​១៩៣៣-១៩៥៣​ ហើយ​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​ទទួលស្គាល់​ជា​អន្តរជាតិ​នៅ​ចន្លោះ​ឆ្នាំ​១៩៦៣-១៩៦៩​ ។​ "​ ។​

The CNRP raised $220,000 for the set up of its Sun TV ទូរទស្សន៍​ព្រះអាទិត្យ៖ CNRP ប្រមូល​វិភាគទាន​បាន២២ម៉ឺន​ដុល្លារ ត្រឹម​ថ្ងៃទី២ កក្កដា

(ចុះ​ផ្សាយ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ   03-07-2015 |  ដោយ : ថ្មីៗ         
គិត​ត្រឹម​ថ្ងៃទី០២ កក្កដា​នេះ គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ប្រមូលបាន​ថវិកា​វិភាគទាន និង​ទុនវិនិយោគ ប្រមាណ២២ម៉ឺន​ដុល្លា។ គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ​បានចាប់ផ្តើម​ប្រមូល​វិភាគទាន​ដើម្បី​បង្កើត​ទូរទស្សន៍​ព្រះអាទិត្យ​កាលពី​ថ្ងៃទី២៥ខែមិថុនា​មក។

លោក យឹម សុវណ្ណ អ្នកនាំពាក្យ​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ បាន​បង្ហោះ​នៅលើ​ហ្វេ​សបុ​កបាន​ឲ្យ​ដឹងថា ថវិការ​សរុប​ដែល​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ​ប្រមូលបាន​ត្រឹម​ថ្ងៃទី២ កក្កដា មាន​ចំនួន​ជាង២១ម៉ឺន​ដុល្លារ និង​ប្រាក់រៀល​ជាង៣៩លាន​រៀល ។បើតាម​លោក យឹម សុវណ្ណ អ្នកនាំពាក្យ​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ បញ្ជាក់ថា គណបក្ស​លោក​នឹង​ប្រមូល​វិភាគទាន និង​ទុនវិនិយោគ​ឲ្យ​បាន​គ្រប់៣លាន​ដុល្លារ ដើម្បី​សម្រេច​គោលដៅ​ដែល​បានកំណត់​ថា​បុ​ស្តិ៍​ទូរទស្សន៍​ថ្មី​នេះ នឹង​ដំណើរការ​នៅ​ចុងឆ្នាំ២០១៥ ។ លោក​បញ្ជាក់​កន្លងមក​ថា គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ក៏​កំពុង​ពិចារណា​អំពី​ការប្រមូល​វិភាគទាន​ពី​សប្បុរជន និង​អ្នកគាំទ្រ​នៅតាម​បណ្តា​ខេត្ត​ផងដែរ និង​ធ្វើយ៉ាងណា​ធានាថា​វិភាគទាន​របស់​ពួកគាត់ បាន​ចូលរួមចំណែក​ក្នុងការ​បង្កើត​ប៉ុស្តិ៍​ទូរទស្សន៍​ថ្មី​នេះ។

Putting border issue on the map

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Members of the media crowd around a paper map yesterday morning at the Council of Ministers in Phnom Penh during a press conference. Heng Chivoan

The Cambodian government yesterday produced some of the maps it has been using to demarcate the eastern frontier, stressing that they match the constitutionally mandated map despite having been developed in Vietnam.
At a press conference at the Council of Ministers, the government’s senior official on border affairs, Var Kimhong, exhibited a few of the 26 maps used to delineate the border, over which tensions have flared in recent weeks amid claims of Vietnamese encroachment.
Kimhong told journalists and opposition lawmakers present that the maps, drawn to a 1/50,000 scale, were copied from the constitutionally mandated 1/100,000 scale maps – produced by French colonial authorities and submitted to the United Nations by late King Norodom Sihanouk in 1964.
He said they were jointly developed over the course of a month in Vietnam following the 2005 border agreement, which the opposition insists ceded territory.
Vietnam provided a “white map” without a border, and a joint working group drew the boundary, which was then approved and signed by the two border committee presidents, Kimhong said.
“We have respected the constitution fully,” he added.
“[We] have not used any untrue maps; they have been approved by co-presidents of the joint border committee and [the committee’s] technical chief.”
“The royal government has not lacked transparency, but the border problem is a sensitive problem.”
However opposition lawmaker Um Sam An – who has long requested access to the map – was not satisfied, telling Kimhong the document was wrong and did not match his version.
Opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party lawmaker Un Sam An is blocked from giving a press conference at the National Assembly yesterday.
He called for the full version’s release, saying that based on yesterday’s presentation, it still appeared the map ceded territory.
“I compared my map with his map and saw that there were losses of land in Kampot, Takeo and Tbong Khmum provinces,” said Sam An, who together with CNRP lawmaker Real Camerin was blocked from speaking to reporters immediately after the press conference.
Speaking yesterday, Cambodian National Rescue Party president Sam Rainsy said the party – which had been forwarded some sections of the map – had not yet been able to examine in detail whether Kimhong’s version matched a copy of the UN-endorsed map it recently obtained from France.

Cambodia urges Vietnam to stop roads construction at non-demarcated borderline

PHNOM PENH (Xinhua) -- Cambodia has demanded Vietnam to immediately cease all planned road construction and other infrastructure along the border until the Joint Border Commission (JBC) of the two countries have completely demarcated the borderline.

According to a diplomatic note sent to the Vietnamese government on Wednesday and posted on the Cambodian foreign ministry's website Thursday, Cambodia requested Vietnam to provide the locations where its authorities have planned to construct roads and other infrastructures.

The country also asked Vietnam to show map indicating the locations of road construction alongside with the border where the JBC has already agreed to implant border pillars or decided to exchange the land in the framework of the 2011 MoU (Memorandum of Understanding).

Moreover, it demanded Vietnam to stop as earlier as possible the construction of three road segments, which are as close as 10 meters from the borderline in Cambodia's Svay Rieng province, saying that the border pillars at the area have not yet been demarcated.

This was the fourth diplomatic note Cambodia sent to Vietnam since last month asking the Hanoi government to respect the borderline.

Speaking in a press conference on Thursday, Var Kimhong, Cambodian Senior Minister in charge of Border Affairs, said the country sent those diplomatic notes to Vietnam because Vietnam violated a bilateral border agreement that prevents either side from developing in non-demarcated border areas.

Cambodia's protest delays Ramayan temple work in Bihar

PATNA: Cambodia's protest over the design of 'Virat Ramayan Mandir' in Bihar - touted as the world's largest Hindu temple - put a spanner in the launch of its construction, leaving lakhs of devotees across the state and outside disappointed. 

Cambodia, Vietnam to Hold Border Talks Next Week

By Sok Khemara 
July 01, 2015 

Cambodia and Vietnam say they will hold border talks next week, following clashes between Cambodian activists and Vietnamese border security forces.


The head of Cambodia’s border committee, Var Kim Hong, told VOA that Phnom Penh would raise a number of sensitive issues with Hanoi, including road-building, pond-digging and the construction of a military outpost by Vietnam, all of which have come under fire as alleged encroachment.
“We’re asking them to suspend these activities, because … we have not completely demarcated in any areas or any provinces,” he said. “We should not make any changes to the environment, and we have to keep the status quo.”
The Vietnam-Cambodia Joint Border Committee will start three days of meetings in Siem Reap on Monday.
At least 10 people were injured in Sunday’s clash along the border of Svay Rieng province, when Cambodian opposition officials led a delegation to investigate reported encroachment by Vietnam.
Photos and videos posted on Vietnamese and Cambodian social media showed the crowds from the two sides faced off in a tense atmosphere, with occasional fights between small groups from each side.
Var Kim Hong said next week’s meetings are not being held in response to the clashes, but the clashes will be addressed.
He added that neither side has the right to cross into non-demarcated zones.
“So they had the right to block us,” he said.

Chinese diplomat introduces white paper on China's military strategy to Cambodian military lecturers, cadets

Jul 03,2015

PHNOM PENH, July 3 (Xinhua) -- Military attache of the Chinese Embassy to Cambodia Li Ningya on Friday delivered a lecture on the white paper about China's military strategy to more than 500 Cambodian military lecturers and cadets at the National Defense University here.
He said China issued the white paper on military strategy on May 26, 2015, which stressed active defense and pledged closer international security cooperation.
The nearly 9,000-word white paper, which outlined a strategy unifying strategic defense and operational and tactical offense, also underscored "the principles of defense, self-defense and post- emptive strikes."
Li said the white paper stated that China "will not attack unless we are attacked, but we will surely counterattack if attacked."
It was released in response to the evolving form of modern warfare and national security requirements.
"The white paper reflects China's transparency and confidence in this essential strategy and shows China's efforts and commitment to maintain regional and international peace and security,"he said.
"In the meantime, the white paper is vital to increase transparency in defense sector and to build more mutual understanding and trust with friendly countries."
Speaking at the end of the lecture, Cambodian Defense Ministry Secretary of State Gen. Moeung Samphan said China always respects the sovereignty of other countries.
"We observe that China always adheres to the principles of peaceful co-existence and development and actively contributes to maintaining regional and international peace and stability," he said.
Meanwhile, he also reiterated Cambodia's staunch support to the One-China Policy.
Lieutenant General Som Savy, vice-chancellor of the National Defense University said, "The white paper will provide a new concept to Cambodian military professors and cadets in their study and research on national defense strategy."

Cambodian FM to visit Thailand next week

Thursday, 02 July 2015; News by Xinhua

PHNOM PENH, July 2 (Xinhua) -- Cambodian Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hor Namhong will pay an official visit to Thailand from July 10 to 12 in order to further deepen the relations in every field between the two neighbouring countries, said a foreign ministry's statement on Thursday.

Hor Namhong will be accompanied by Var Kimhong, Senior Minister in charge of Border Affairs, and Culture and Fine Arts Minister Phoeurng Sackona, the statement said, adding that the upcoming visit coincides with the 65th anniversary of the diplomatic relations between the two countries.

During visit to Thailand, he will hold bilateral talks with his Thai counterpart Gen. Tanasak Patimapragorn and pay a courtesy call on Thai Prime Minister Gen. Prayut Chan-o-Cha, it said.

"While in Thailand, Hor Namhong will also attend the handover ceremony of 16 Cambodian artifacts to Cambodia by Thailand, the signing of the Amendment of Agreement on Border Crossing and the announcement on the opening of bilateral checkpoint An Seh (Preah Vihear province-Cambodia)- An Mah (Ubon Rachthani province- Thailand) as an international checkpoint," the statement said.

Vietnamese Villagers Beat Cambodian Activists Inspecting Disputed Border

CNRP lawmaker Riel Khemarin is helped by fellow activists following a clash with Vietnamese villagers in Svay Rieng province’s Kampong Ro district, June 29, 2015.
Several activists from Cambodia were injured when a group of villagers from Vietnam attacked them with sticks while they inspected an area of the border shared between the two countries, the head of Cambodia’s opposition party said Monday.

The violence occurred Sunday when monks and opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) lawmakers led some 200 activists to examine the border in Svay Rieng province’s Kampong Ro district, where they say a road built by authorities in Vietnam’s Long An province has encroached into Cambodian territory.
Vietnamese villagers “charged the activists with sticks,” even though they were inspecting the area from within Cambodian territory, CNRP President Sam Rainsy told reporters outside the National Assembly, or parliament, in the capital Phnom Penh.

Several of the activists, including CNRP lawmaker Riel Khemarin and a monk who had helped lead the group, were injured in the attack and had to be helped away from the scene, he said, adding that he planned to file a complaint against the Vietnamese villagers through Cambodian authorities.

“We will file a complaint at the national and international level to prevent further violence against the Cambodian people,” he said.

“The Cambodian people are innocent [in this incident]. The Cambodian government and the people must unite to make sure that foreigners stop taking advantage of us.”

The Phnom Penh Post reported that 10 Cambodians and eight Vietnamese sustained injuries of varying severity during the clash.

The Post quoted both Riel Khemarin and another CNRP lawmaker, Sam An, as saying the incident was sparked by armed Vietnamese people.

The Svay Rieng provincial government defended local authorities in a statement issued Monday, saying they should not be held responsible for failing to protect the activists, who did not inform them that they planned to visit the border.

“The authorities advised them not to examine the border, but they didn’t listen,” the statement said.

“We were concerned about violence breaking out,” it said.

Ministry of Interior spokesman Khieu Sopheak told reporters that the area were the two groups clashed is yet to be officially demarcated.

He said he is proud that the people of Cambodia want to protect their country’s sovereignty, but warned that inciting violence would make the border demarcation harder to resolve.

“I urge all people to join with the government, which is working to resolve the border issue under the leadership of [Prime Minister] Hun Sen,” he said.

“We must unite as a nation to deal with the issue, which we take very seriously.”

Recent confrontations

Vietnamese villagers hold sticks during a confrontation with Cambodian activists in Svay Rieng province’s Kampong Ro district, June 29, 2015. Credit: RFA

Sunday’s violence is the latest in a series of confrontations between Cambodia and Vietnam over the border shared by the two nations.

Earlier this month, Cambodia issued a diplomatic protest to Vietnam requesting that the communist government stop building a military post on its territory in the Koh Thom district of Kandal province until the two countries have completed their demarcation of their borders in the area.

At the time, the CNRP said it would request that the government consider allowing opposition party members to serve on the border committee that oversees border demarcation, and called for the process to be halted until after Cambodia’s 2018 national election.


School of Vice: "UN 1964 map" printed in Vietnam? Now that is a laughing stock!

បញ្ហា​ព្រំដែន​កម្ពុជា​វៀតណាម​កាន់តែ​ឡើង​កម្តៅ​ខណៈ​ប្រទេស​ទាំង​ពីរ​ឆ្លើយឆ្លង​គ្នា​ និង​កំណត់​ពេល​ជួប​ប្រជុំ

ទាហាន​​ និង​ជនស៊ីវិល​វៀតណាម​ប្រដាប់​ដោយ​ដំបង និង​អាវុធ​នៅឯ​ព្រំដែន​កាលពី​សប្តាហ៍​មុន​។ ហ្វេសប៊ុក

Thu, 2 July 2015 ppp
មាស សុខជា

ភ្នំពេញៈ រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា​កាលពី​ម្សិលមិញ​បាន​ស្នើ​​​ជាថ្មី​ទៀត​ឲ្យ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​វៀតណាម​ត្រូវតែ​បញ្ឈប់​ជាបន្ទាន់​នូវ​រាល់​ការ​សាងសង់​នៅ​​តាម​​​ខ្សែបន្ទាត់​ព្រំដែន​នៅ​​កន្លែង​ដែល​មិន​ទាន់​បាន​​​កំណត់​ខណ្ឌ​សីមា​នៅ​ឡើយ​ខណៈ​ដែល​​ភាគី​វៀតណាម​បាន​​ថ្កោលទោស​ចំពោះ​ការ​កើត​មាន​​អំពើ​ហិង្សា​នៅ​តាម​ព្រំដែន​​ក្នុង​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង​ជាប់​ខេត្ត​ឡុងអាន​ប្រទេស​វៀតណាម​កាលពី​សប្តាហ៍​មុន​។

ផ្អែក​លើ​កំណត់​ទូត​ថ្មី​មួយ​​​ទៀត​ដែល​បាន​ផ្ញើ​ទៅ​ស្ថានទូត​វៀតណាម​នៅ​ភ្នំពេញ​កាលពី​ម្សិលមិញ​ ក្រសួង​ការបរទេស​កម្ពុជា​បាន​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​វៀតណាម​បញ្ឈប់​ការ​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវថ្នល់​ និង​ហេដ្ឋារចនាសម្ព័ន្ធ​តាម​ព្រំដែន​ភ្លាមៗ ដោយ​រង់ចាំ​រហូត​ដល់​គណៈកម្មាធិការ​ចម្រុះ​ព្រំដែន​នៃ​ប្រទេស​ទាំង​ពីរ​បាន​បញ្ចប់​ការ​បោះ​បង្គោល​ព្រំដែន​ផ្អែកលើ​ផែនទី​ខ្នាត 1 / 100.000។

ក្រសួង​ការបរទេស​កម្ពុជា​បាន​ស្នើ​ថា៖ «(វៀតណាម) ត្រូវ​ផ្ដល់​ទីតាំង​ដែល​អាជ្ញាធរ​វៀតណាម​គ្រោង​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវថ្នល់​ និង​ហេដ្ឋារចនាសម្ព័ន្ធ​ដទៃ​ទៀត និង​ផ្តល់​ផែនទី​ដែល​ចង្អុល​បង្ហាញ​ពី​ទីតាំង​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវ​តាម​ខ្សែបន្ទាត់​ព្រំដែន​ដែល​​គណៈកម្មាធិការ​ចម្រុះ​នៃ​ប្រទេស​ទាំង​ពីរ​បាន​ព្រមព្រៀង​បោះ​បង្គោល​ព្រំដែន ឬ​សម្រេច​ដោះដូរ​ដី​ក្រោម​ក្របខ័ណ្ឌ​នៃ​អនុស្សរណៈ​យោគយល់​ឆ្នាំ ២០១១»។

Friday, 3 July 2015

Cambodia-Vietnam border row turns into a complicated issue in the future

Vietnamese border guards stand to protect their people, image Facebook
By Khmer Wathanakam

Recent violent confrontation on border where Vietnamese villagers beat up Cambodian border activists  and CNRP MPs who peacefully visited border demarcations have raised a serious question about how Vietnamese and Cambodian governments have handled and solved a border issue between the two countries though publicly the two governments always have shown their commitment to solve this issue peacefully and fairly, but unofficially Cambodian people who have seen their government had done nothing to protect Cambodian territorial integrity and sovereignty, allowing Vietnam to encroach Cambodian land without consequences by ignoring the Paris Peace Accord that fully guaranteed Cambodian sovereignty and territorial integrity, sometimes took this matter on their own hands.  Furthermore, Vietnam quietly had forced Cambodian government to sign an extra border treaty in 2005 which  helped to legalize all previous treaties signed during the Vietnamese occupation from 1979-89.  The Violation of Paris Peace Accord and an extra border treaty in 2005 have created more border spats between the two countries, for the extra border treaty with Hanoi in 2005 had cost Cambodia a big chunk of land and created numerous unmarked areas known as white zones.  And those white zones are systematically encroached by Vietnam; evidently Cambodia has found at least 8 man-made ponds excavated by Vietnam into those white zones.  Cambodian people who live along the border frequently complained about border encroachment by Vietnam, but  all those complaints usually ignored by the Cambodian government.  Until recently, The Cambodian foreign ministry publicly announced that it had filed diplomatic complaints with Hanoi at least 11 times about border encroachment, including three more in the past month, but no serious response from Hanoi beside telling Cambodia to wait for further investigation and report from its local authorities.  However, Vietnam encroachment activities have still continued such as they continue to build military outposts inside the white zones and refuse to fill up all illegal man-made ponds demanding by Cambodia.
Should Cambodian government allow Vietnam to encroach more land or should it find more effective and legal means against Hanoi's aggression?

Golden memories ... សុវណ្ណអនុស្សារ - "ព្រៃឯកើត"

Hanoi slams ‘extremists’

Thu, 2 July 2015 ppp
Meas Sokchea and Shaun Turton

Vietnamese citizens with makeshift batons line up along the Cambodia-Vietnam border on Sunday in Svay Rieng province before clashing with Cambodian activists. PHOTO SUPPLIED

Tensions continued to rise between Cambodia and Vietnam yesterday, with both countries firing off statements over recent border disputes, including fierce comments from Hanoi blaming Cambodian “extremists” for violent clashes with Vietnamese authorities in disputed territory on Sunday.

In Vietnam’s strongest remarks yet on the recent border dramas, Foreign Ministry spokesman Le Hai Binh blasted Cambodians involved in the brawl, which erupted after opposition lawmakers led a 250-strong group to “inspect” the alleged encroachment of a Vietnamese-built road in Svay Rieng province’s Kampong Ro district.

Binh said the “extremist” group illegally entered Vietnam’s Long An province and instigated the attack, which, he added, contravened both countries’ laws and treaties, threatened the nations’ relationship and jeopardised the ongoing demarcation process.

“Vietnamese security officers and local residents tried to reason with the activists and stop them, but they were attacked … seven Vietnamese were injured,” Binh said, in a statement published yesterday.

“We request Cambodian agencies to deploy measures to settle the incident and prevent similar actions from happening again to ensure the smooth implementation of border delimitation and marker planting for the common interest of both peoples.”

More than a dozen people were injured in the brawl, which was condemned by Svay Rieng provincial authorities.


Mon, 29 June 2015 ppp

ទាហាន​វៀតណាម​​ម្នាក់​ដឹក​ឆ្កែ​ចេញ​មក​រារាំង​​​ក្រុម​ព្រះសង្ឃ​តំណាង​រាស្ដ្រ​បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង ​និង​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ដែល​នាំ​គ្នា​ទៅ​ពិនិត្យ​ស្រះ​ទឹក​ដែល​​វៀតណាម​​បាន​​ជីក​​​នៅ​ខេត្ត​រតនគិរី​។ អាដហុក

បញ្ហា​ព្រំដែន​ដ៏​ស្រួចស្រាល់​រវាង​កម្ពុជា​ និង​វៀតណាម មិនមែន​ជា​រឿង​ថ្មី​ទេ តែ​​វា​កើតឡើង​ស្ទើរតែ​គ្រប់​របប​ដឹកនាំ​ទៅ​ហើយ​ គឺ​ចាប់​តាំង​ពី​អណ្ណាម ឬ​យួន (កុល​សម្ព័ន្ធ​មួយ​របស់​​ចិន younan) ​រំកិល​ខ្លួន​ចេញ​ពី​ប្រទេស​​ចិន​​មក​កាន់​ភ្នំ​កឺងសឺន​ខិត​ជិត​ប្រទេស​​ចំប៉ា​លេប​​ត្របាក់​ចំប៉ា​ខិត​​ជិត​កម្ពុជា​​លេប​​ត្របាក់​យក​​កម្ពុជា​​ក្រោម​​ ២១ ​ខេត្ត​​សរុប​ទំហំ​ទឹកដី​ប្រមាណ​ ៦១ ​ម៉ឺន​គីឡូម៉ែត​ការ៉េ​។

វត្តមាន​របស់​អណ្ណាម​នៅ​ជិត​កម្ពុជា​មិនមែន​ជា​រឿង​​ចៃដន្យ​​នោះ​ទេ។ មិន​ចៃដន្យ​ព្រោះ​ប្រទេស​ចិន​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ពី​ក្រោយ​ខ្នង​នៃ​វត្តមាន​អណ្ណាម​នៅក្នុង​ពេល​​នោះ។ ពិត​ណាស់​ទៅ​ហើយ​​ព្រះបាទ​សូរ្យ​វរ្ម័ន​ទី ២ ព្រះបាទ​ជ័យវរ្ម័ន​ទី ៧ និង​ចំប៉ា​សុទ្ធសឹង​តែ​​បាន​លើក​ទ័ព​ជាច្រើន​លើក​ច្រើន​សា​ដើម្បី​ទប់ទល់​​ជាមួយ​ការ​បន្លាស់​ទី​នេះ ព្រោះ​ព្រះអង្គ​យល់​ថា​ «បើ​អស់​ចំប៉ា​ដែល​ជា​កំពែង​ការពារ​កម្ពុជា​​ភាគ​ខាង​កើត​មិន​យូរ​មិន​ឆាប់​ថ្ងៃ​ណា​មួយ​រឿង​អាណោច​អាធ័ម​វា​មុខ​តែ​ធ្លាក់​ដល់​វេន​កម្ពុជា។ ការ​វាយ​បណ្តេញ​នេះ​មាន​ឥទ្ធិពល​ខ្លាំង​ ប៉ុន្តែ​នៅ​តែ​មិន​ឈ្នះ​អណ្ណាម​ទាំង​ស្រុង​នោះ​ទេ ពោល​គឺ​​បាន​​ត្រឹមតែ​ទប់​អណ្ណាម​​ឲ្យ​នៅ​ទ្រឹង​លែង​ខិត​រុល​ទៅ​មុខ​ប៉ុណ្ណោះ។

ហេតុ​ផល គឺ​១. អាកាសធាតុ​ត្រជាក់​ចុះ​អ័ព្ទ​នាំ​ឲ្យ​ទាហាន​ឈឺ​ស្លាប់​ច្រើន និង ២.​វត្តមាន​ទាហាន​ចិន​​ជំនួយ​នៅ​ពី​ក្រោយ​ខ្នង​។ ពិត​ដូច​ឈ្មោះ​“អណ្ណាម​” ប្រៀប​ដូចជា​​យក្ស​ដែល​តែងតែ​លេប​ត្របាក់​ដោយ​ងងើល​នៅ​គ្រប់​​រូបភាព​ចំពោះ​ប្រទេស​ណា​ដែល​សិ្ថត​នៅ​ជិត និង​មាន​​សភាព​ខ្សោយ​ជាង​ខ្លួន។

រដ្ឋាភិបាលបង្ហាញផែនទី ដែល​ប្រើ​សម្រាប់​​ចរចាព្រំដែន​ជាមួយ​វៀតណាម